Explore beautiful canopy design ideas for inspiration for your own outdoor creation. You don't have to worry about anything, except maybe getting your guests to leave.
Most canopy roof designs are of a single slopped (Shed) type design to help shed water off of the roof. It may or may not incorporate some type of a overhang or cantilever overhang. Some designs are a Cable or Hip type of roof design and may be built using pre-designed and engineered trusses made from wood or metal building materials. Without the use of trusses the cable or hip roofs are custom made using custom cut rafters.
A carport, patio cover or screen room can be a great addition and investment to your home. Not only does it provide shade and shelter for your outdoor living space, but also protection from the sun and rain. But before running out and getting one, there are a few things you should know about these structures. These structures can range in size, style and price. You may want to consider what materials you want your structure to be made from, as well as if you would like a built-in or a add-on structure.
1 - Budget
2 - Function
3 - Size
4 - Designs
5 - Materials
6 - Permits
7 - Upgrades
A truss roof is a pre-design roof system that are made from various different wood or steel composites with various different pitch rises. The trusses are normally design and made off site and trucked to the build site.
A roof truss is best described as a structural framework of timbers that's designed to provide support for a roof. They're also used to bridge the space above a room. They typically occur at regular intervals, and they're linked by horizontal beams known as purlins.
Though both rafters and trusses are triangles in shape, the trusses have more triangle webs inside the principal frame. Rafters consist of sloping outer beams which provide support. As the trusses come with a web of triangles inside the main frame, they provide more support than the rafters.
Investing in a protective structure to house them in can increase the life of your vehicles and even increase the value of the home if you build your project to code.
There are numerous different types of poles and beams. Poles are mainly some type of form of tubing and beams come in various different types such as but not limited to Open and Closed C-beams, I-beams, Lattice beams, W-beams and so forth.
The poles and the beams are the single most important parts of any structure. They are the bones of the structure that does all the heavy lifting. It is all about the poles and the beams when it comes to the snow, wind and the live load requirements and not the roof top canopy materials. All building materials must be used within the own standards and engineering requirements, for what they were intended and never exceed their design limits.
Most local cities now have design requirement to size, open span and engineering in a form of a carport permit application. A lot of time a code enforcement person might ask for a spec sheet on any building material to make sure the products are being used for the purposes they are intended.
Every City or local Authority Having Jurisdiction (AHJ) have their own set of rules and regulations that are subject to chance for the better at any time without notice. There are standard building code requirements and best rules of thumb building practices, but more and more Cities have their own building requirements to keep us all safe.
Don't never skimp on the poles and beams!
We also offer bent formed metal pole covers for any unfinished type of squire pole.
Most Cities want to keep those, cheap sold by side of the road vendors and all over the internet prefabricated blow-a-way type of so-called carports from being used as most can't be permitted because they don't meet any building code requirements for a permanent type of structure. Most of those cheap so cheaply built carports are designated as only portable or a temporary only structure. Those temporary things start flying around doing damage to other people property during one of high wind whether events.
An Awning is a smaller structure never has no legs that go to the ground. An awning might have a support such as struts that attaches to a building but never has legs or a pole like a canopy. Normally a window or a door awning.
The goal is to ensure optimal performance and safety of any structure.
All canopy type of structure is just like most any other structure, but most canopy type structures don't have walls. Most canopy structures and are used for numerous other and different types of applications such as break area, carports, patio covers, pavilions, product storage covers, sidewalk coverings, front entry way covers, and strip mall structures all designed to protect people and their vehicles.
Any and all of the building materials has their own limits to how they are used safely to cover a canopy open span area or between any structure poles.
The stress to any structure can come from many forms but normally come from wind, snow. earthquake or shafting of the dirt soil.
Snow load refers to the amount of "snow and ice" weight per sq ft (PSF) that a building's roof is able to support.
Wind loads refer to the amount of force the winds put on any type of structure and in a canopy type of application we talk about up-drafts or down-drafts winds. or earth quicks and shifting soils.
Live load is the weight of the building by itself. If you exceed any building materials limits the structure may collapse or fail while under stress which normally comes during a server weather event.
Just because a building material are sold in longer extended lengths doesn't mean you may use those building materials for those longer spans. ex;
We might purchase a 24ft 4x4 tubing to be cut down to two 12 ft poles.
The real test of any structure is when they are stressed.
Non-engineered structure that are not specifically engineered for a particular design criteria. This might use by a builder that is going down to a local building materials yard picking up the building components that is needed to fabricate and then building a structure without any plans, blueprints or documents to say that structure meets any design or engineering standards.
Non-engineered building design processes do not account for component loads or actual component strengths. In the middle lies a partially engineered structure which is a NON-ENEEREDERED type of structure there are no gray areas.
Engineered buildings - Structural engineering is a specialty trained person in structural engineering that analyze, design, plan, and research structural components and structural systems to achieve design goals and ensure the safety and comfort of the end users and its occupants.
A engineer is able to stamp the structure blueprints plans within their own State approval seal stamps certifying that the structure design achieves design goals and ensure the safety and comfort of the end users and its occupants are safe.
Each State has their own rules and regulation and a design from another and are not excepted within another State. Critical skills and ongoing training a person need in structural engineering for a particular design criteria, blueprints or documents to say that structure meets any engineering standards. They need to be able to predict how these materials will perform over an extended period of time and while under stress or load.
Normal stress come from heavy rains, ice / snow loads, and high wind loads as well as earthquakes and soil movements. A fully engineered building is one in which all structural component interactions are properly accounted for during structural analyses, and forces resulting from these analyses are used to size all building components.
Pre-Engineered structure is a structure that is manufacturer design and fabricate to meet certain specifications and building codes and load requirements when built correctly. While purchasing this type of building structure is an easy way to ensure compliance to your building meets code. It also provides you with numerous options for customization, meaning you can modify multiple aspects of your building based on you or your unique wants and needs.
On larger structures a local municipality might need to see architectural blueprints and the engineering spec with a submittal package on all of the structure combined building components before approving with a building permit. Those are additional professional services which has cost associated with then before the construction can begin.
Some of our local municipalities are now requiring a pre-engineered canopy structure to be built. In most cases a residential canopy type of structures is not required to be a engineered structure standard but you might have a insurance company that might require a pre-engineered type of structure to be built.
There are select few local building material suppliers that has a engineer personnel on staff and can show their own engineering certifications on their own designs when built properly.
We also work with some product manufacturer and all of their own canopy designs are pre-engineered and have the company engineers' stamps are on their manufacturer design documents and can be supplied when and if needed.
We can't build a non-engineered canopy structure then get it engineered after the fact it is built.
This is a building requirement that any builder needs to know upfront...
These underside side coverings are used to cover up the cross beams on a C-beam types of structure. They are used to dress up or finish a carport / patio cover / walkway type of structure. It is also a way to keep any birds or insects from entering the structure. The fact that soffit and fascia materials are used adds aesthetics of the structure and merits design consideration. You can Sheetmetal on the top side and the fascia panels to meet your design needs.
Got birds nesting on your exposed beams? Metal soffit panels are most commonly placed on the underside of the eave of a roof that connects the roof overhang with the side of a building. However, soffit panels can be used anywhere that has a visible ceiling including porches, columns, and flights of stairs. The soffit panels serve both functional and aesthetic purposes.
Today we blur all the lines between a patio cover and a pergola and oh and by the way let's throw in a screen room with that. Just mix it all up in some sort or fashion and you have a Combo patio cover.
Any portion of the patio top canopy can be a solid section of the canopy top, and any portion can be a pergola section to vent out the smoke from a BBQer ad be open air section. Then we can add the screen room walls and doors then we got the recipe for a Combo - Patio Cov - Screen Rm - and Pergola section all into one unit.
Structural Insulated Panel (SIP) patio cover with a portion being a pergola structure. Santa-Fe trim package included with the beveled rafter tail ends.
Our customer Ms. Shannon sent us this photo on the morning after a small tornado hit the school on Norman St, in Moore, OK. She was thanking us for building a quality carport that withstood the tornado and some very high winds that literally blew the roof off the house and blew out the windows on Just look at the house that is next door!
The house was a total loss and it had to be demolished. Our carport canopy had survived the very high wind loads that were right next door. This rolled formed carport canopy was built to replace an older one that was damaged previously. We submitted our building plans and project drawing to the City of Moore and the building inspector came back and asked us to upgrade the carports cross beams from a standard 7"-inch cross beams to a larger 10"-inch beams.
The engineering on this Flat-pan type of carport structure would go from 90 mph wind loads using the standard 7-inch aluminum beams. When we went to get the building permit the building code inspector suggested we use the larger upgraded 10-inch extruded aluminum beams. We all agreed to build the carport canopy structure using the larger cross beams for additonal costs and we got the building permits issued for this project to be installed. About a year later a tornado hit this area and the proof is in the picture posted.
Building codes are a minimum building standard and different municipalities have different building standards. Any customer may build above any standard building code requirements.
The house next door was a total loss and had to be taken down and replaced with a new one.
When you're ready to build just let us know so we can get together and talk about your structures and what your different options might be when building your new structure. Like any other type of construction, it does a face to face in person meeting at the build site so we can get on the same page moving forward before we are able to begin a bid proposal process. We have to know all of the details so we can have a meeting of the minds. If your project requires more professional services such as other trade professionals, engineering, design and drawing, there are always additional fees for other professional services.
Carports of Oklahoma
We build all types of awnings, arbors, pergolas, porches, pavilions, sunrooms and screen rooms and more