The goal is to ensure optimal performance and safety of any structure.
All canopy type of structure is just like most any other structure, but most canopy type structures don't have walls. Most canopy structures and are used for numerous other and different types of applications such as break area, carports, patio covers, pavilions, product storage covers, sidewalk coverings, front entry way covers, and strip mall structures all designed to protect people and their vehicles.
Any and all of the building materials has their own limits to how they are used safely to cover a canopy open span area or between any structure poles.
The stress to any structure can come from many forms but normally come from wind, snow. earthquake or shafting of the dirt soil.
Snow load refers to the amount of "snow and ice" weight per sq ft (PSF) that a building's roof is able to support.
Wind loads refer to the amount of force the winds put on any type of structure and in a canopy type of application we talk about up-drafts or down-drafts winds. or earth quicks and shifting soils.
Live load is the weight of the building by itself. If you exceed any building materials limits the structure may collapse or fail while under stress which normally comes during a server weather event.
Just because a building material are sold in longer extended lengths doesn't mean you may use those building materials for those longer spans. ex;
We might purchase a 24ft 4x4 tubing to be cut down to two 12 ft poles.
The real test of any structure is when they are stressed.
Non-engineered structure that are not specifically engineered for a particular design criteria. This might use by a builder that is going down to a local building materials yard picking up the building components that is needed to fabricate and then building a structure without any plans, blueprints or documents to say that structure meets any design or engineering standards.
Non-engineered building design processes do not account for component loads or actual component strengths. In the middle lies a partially engineered structure which is a NON-ENEEREDERED type of structure there are no gray areas.
Engineered buildings - Structural engineering is a specialty trained person in structural engineering that analyze, design, plan, and research structural components and structural systems to achieve design goals and ensure the safety and comfort of the end users and its occupants.
A engineer is able to stamp the structure blueprints plans within their own State approval seal stamps certifying that the structure design achieves design goals and ensure the safety and comfort of the end users and its occupants are safe.
Each State has their own rules and regulation and a design from another and are not excepted within another State. Critical skills and ongoing training a person need in structural engineering for a particular design criteria, blueprints or documents to say that structure meets any engineering standards. They need to be able to predict how these materials will perform over an extended period of time and while under stress or load.
Normal stress come from heavy rains, ice / snow loads, and high wind loads as well as earthquakes and soil movements. A fully engineered building is one in which all structural component interactions are properly accounted for during structural analyses, and forces resulting from these analyses are used to size all building components.
Pre-Engineered structure is a structure that is manufacturer design and fabricate to meet certain specifications and building codes and load requirements when built correctly. While purchasing this type of building structure is an easy way to ensure compliance to your building meets code. It also provides you with numerous options for customization, meaning you can modify multiple aspects of your building based on you or your unique wants and needs.
On larger structures a local municipality might need to see architectural blueprints and the engineering spec with a submittal package on all of the structure combined building components before approving with a building permit. Those are additional professional services which has cost associated with then before the construction can begin.
Some of our local municipalities are now requiring a pre-engineered canopy structure to be built. In most cases a residential canopy type of structures is not required to be a engineered structure standard but you might have a insurance company that might require a pre-engineered type of structure to be built.
There are select few local building material suppliers that has a engineer personnel on staff and can show their own engineering certifications on their own designs when built properly.
We also work with some product manufacturer and all of their own canopy designs are pre-engineered and have the company engineers' stamps are on their manufacturer design documents and can be supplied when and if needed.
We can't build a non-engineered canopy structure then get it engineered after the fact it is built.
This is a building requirement that any builder needs to know upfront...
When do I need a permit?
Project Walls - Changing or demolishing a load bearing wall.
Roof changing house's roofline Layout Whenever you expand the house in any way or alter the house's envelope, you will need a permit.
Electrical installing any new electrical wiring or adding circuits
Fences - installing a fence over a certain height, such as 6 feet, triggers a permit. Most municipalities will consider an add-on such as shrubbery to be part of the fence.
Demolition parking your roll-off dumpster on a public street will require a permit. This is one of the rare permitting in stances where your own property is not involved.
Decks building decks over a certain height, such as 30 inches above grade.
Sewer doing anything with a sewer line typically requires a permit. This permit action concerns not just your personal safety, but the health of those serviced by the main sewer line down from your house.
Addition building will always require a permit.
Driveway or Garage building or even a carport over 200 sq ft
Windows and Doors - Exterior doors, windows, and skylights that require a new opening.
Fireplace and Chimney Fireplaces, wood burning stove and inserts nearly always require a permit because of the potential for fires. Chimney cleaning will be an exception, though.
Garages - Garage conversions HVAC Installing a new furnace or air conditioner.
Water Heaters installation of a new water heater. Plumbing New hose bibs for the outside of your house
Roofing / Re-roofing involving structural elements, including but not limited to sheathing, skylights, change of roof pitch and change of roof material where the total weight exceeds 10 pounds per square foot.
Swimming Pool - Installing either an in-ground or an above-ground pool requires multiple permits.
The larger municipalities are, the more likely you will need a building permit with rules and regulations to what type of canopy structure that may or may not be built on your property. If you live out in a rule area, not so much but International building codes and standards for insurance purposes. you always want to build to meet standard
Actual building design may need to be reviewed by a licensed engineer, City or Town code enforcement official for meeting their own local code requirements. Each and every municipality has their own set of rules and regulations known as building codes requirements and of them, all code requirements are subject to change without notice. Building code requirements are updated and the change all the time.
All canopy type of structures must be anchored into an approved cement piers that is at least 2 foot deep into the ground. Those mobile home type of screw into the ground anchors is a recipe for failure. In other parts of the country, they might see 40 - 50 winds. We might see twice those wind loads around here.
Different municipalities have different rules to follow. Building Codes were established to help ensure quality and safety. Check with your local authority having jurisdiction (AHJ ) for their own building requirements and property setback rules. Note: Most of our local municipality will not allow any structure to be built within 5-ft of one's property lines. Most cities have rules and regulations that should be followed, and, in some cases, there are building inspections and building permits that need to obtain before building any structure. Only in Moore, OK has a 1-ft of a side property line only in some cases but not all. Also most have a setback back rules from any sidewalks.
Some developments and districts might have their own unique set of building rules and regulations that may restrict the building of a carport canopy or how they want then to look like. Most historical district require a local board approval before building any type of structure. We are not in the business of changing any local politics and the customer to do their own leg work and research before we get involved in the building process. We can apply for local building permits on the customer behalf. We do charge a service fee for our time and efforts in our efforts in obtain a local building permit or the customer is welcome to provide that when and if it is required.
Most code enforcement people want a permanent type of canopy structure that has its approved engineering documents that shows that the structure is safe if built correctly with an approved cement concrete piers that are installed into the ground that the carport structure it can handle local minimum wind and snow load requirements. The larger the canopy structure the heavier or larger sizes of beams and poles may use to increase wind and snow loads. Any of the under structure and its framing members is what does all of the heavy lifting within any type of structure.
Schools, hospitals and most insurance companies and some of the local permit's offices want to see these engineering documents to see how and what your about to build on your property. It is up to the owners of the property to know what the requirements might be before building anything. In most parts of Oklahoma, for example, Carports and Patio structures must be located at least five feet from real–or assumed–property lines. Every state has its own set of regulations for building outdoor structures, so if you are uncertain, reach out to your municipality for more information. Moore, OK has a rule that if your original house was built with a 1-car garage you can build to 1-foot of the side property line. Always make sure by making contact with the local AHJ (authority having jurisdiction)
I get asked about those prefabricated kits that are often sold by a Club type of retailer or big box store. Most of those type of structure is classified as a temporary type of structure. They are not a perinate type of structure. They should be only used on a temporary bases like for a show or an event then taken down. They do meet national standard building codes and if something was to happen, and it becomes flying UFO and lands on someone property your homeowner's insurance may not cover those damages for a temporary or portable structure. THEY ONLY GET BY WITH SELLING THOSE TYPES OF STUCTURE BECAUSE THE OF BUYER ARE NOT EDUCATED TO ITS INTENDED USE. Most of the people who work at these stores have no clue to any of the local rules and regulations. They also don't sell a bolt to the concrete slab kit as they weren't engineered nor designed or was never supposed to used as a perinate type of structure.
Newer and updated building code requirements are updated and changed all the time. As of 10/25/2019 OKLAHOMA CITY now requires us to meet the newer codes international building codes 2015. The International Code Council (ICC) is a non-profit organization dedicated to developing model building codes and standards used in the design, build and compliance process. The International Codes (I-Codes) are the widely accepted, comprehensive set of model codes used in the US and abroad to help ensure the engineering of safe, sustainable, affordable and resilient structures. International Building Codes 2015 (IBC 2015) The International Building Code 2015 (IBC 2015) is a model code produced by the International Code Council (ICC) each municipality may amend or adopt their own set of rules. OKC now requires that all residential carports structures are to build to the 2015 IBC standards. If in the front of the house are to be attached to the front of the house for added support as opposed to being a stand-a-lone type of carport structure that is not attached. The OKC permit center is located 420 W. Main St. on the 1st floor since the Covid pandemic started.
In most parts of Oklahoma, for example, Carports and Patio structures must be located at least five feet from real–or assumed–property lines. Every state has its own set of regulations for building outdoor structures, so if you are uncertain, reach out to your municipality for more information. Moore, OK has a rule that if your original house was built with a 1-car garage you can build to 1-foot of the side property line. Always make sure by making contact with the local AHJ (authority having jurisdiction)
Local community or deed restrictions - Within some communities like a historical district they might have their own added by-laws or a "community restriction" on building any type of canopy structure It is up to customer to do their own leg work and research and find out about any community by-laws or deed restrictions that may not show up when an authority having jurisdiction issues any carport building permits. Just because AHJ issues a local building permit the local community may have your own building restrictions which can restricts any type of structure.
We build all types of awnings, arbors, pergolas, porches, pavilions, sunrooms and screen rooms and more